DiabetEASE Risk Assessment Scorecard *
1. I am
Diabetes strikes both males and females. Men have a higher risk of having undiagnosed diabetes because they are less likely to have a regular check-up with a doctor compared to women.
2. I am
Less than 40 years
64 years or older
The older you are, the higher the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
People of Asian, African, Caribbean, Pacific Islander and Native American descent may be at higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
4. What is your waist circumference (measured midway between the lowest rib and the top of the hip bone or iliac crest)?
Men: Less than 90 cm (Asians, Pacific Islanders)
Men: Less than 94 cm (Other ethnicities)
Men: 94-102 cm
Men: More than 102 cm
Women: Less than 80 cm (Asians, Pacific Islanders)
Women: Less than 80 cm (Other ethnicities)
Women: 80-88 cm
Women: More than 88 cm
A larger waist circumference indicates presence of too much belly fat which ups type 2 diabetes risk. Even losing a small amount of weight (~5 to 10%) can result in significant health benefits.
5. What is your calculated BMI (Body Mass Index)?
Lower than 23 (Asian and Pacific Islanders)
Lower than 25 (Other ethicities)
23 to 30 (Asian and Pacific Islanders)
25 to 30 (Other ethnicities)
Higher than 30
A higher BMI may reflect excess body fat, which raises risk for type 2 diabetes. The more overweight one is, the greater the risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, joint problems, liver disorder, certain cancers and other diseases.
LIFESTYLE & HISTORY
6. Are you physically active (engage in at least 30 minutes a day of physical acitivity)?
The more sedentary you are, the higher the likelihood of having type 2 diabetes. Regular physical activity can help you maintain a healthy weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and sugar level.
7. Have you ever been diagnosed with high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is linked to type 2 diabetes. It also increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease and eye problems.
8. How often do you eat vegetables, fruit or berries?
Not every day
Regular intake of fresh vegetables and fruits can help keep type 2 diabetes at bay. Ditch calorie-dense foods rich in saturated fats and sugar and prefer balanced meals rich in fiber.
9. Do you have any family member with diabetes?
Yes: grandparent, aunt, uncle and/or first cousin only
Yes: parent, brother, sister and/or own child
When diabetes runs in the family, there's a greater chance of inheriting it. However, a healthy lifestyle could help prevent diabetes. Regular physical activity, proper diet, adequate sleep, and cigarette smoke avoidance all help avert type 2 diabetes.
10. Have you ever been found to have high blood sugar?
People diagnosed with blood sugar levels above the normal range such as prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance) as well as women with gestational diabetes have a much greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
* Adapted from the Finnish Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment Form, WHO Waist circumference and Waist-Hip Ratio Report, International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Definition of the Metabolic Syndrome, IDF Blue Circle Test, American Diabetes Association Risk Test and the Philippine Practice Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes Mellitus.